Archibald A. Stewart
ARCHIBALD A. STEWART, editor and proprietor of the Independence Kansan, was born in Champaign County, Ohio, April 23, 1836, and was reared on a farm. His father James Stewart, a man of great physical power, had the honor of having a personal set to with Jefferson F. Davis, of Confederate fame, in which he gave the latter a severe drubbing. Davis, at that time, was just fresh from West Point, and held the commission of Lieutenant at Fort Winnebago, Wis. Stewart was engaged as boat builder at that place, and one day, chancing to walk across the parade grounds, was peremptorily ordered off by Lieutenant Davis, upon whom he turned, telling him to go to h--l. Such defiance was too much for the chivalrous soldier and officer, who, confident of his abilities, thought to resent the dishonor in a physical combat. But the native agility and brawny arms of the boat builder were more than odds against the science of the West Pointer, who, worsted in the encounter, shrunk away in chagrin and mortification.
The educational advantages of A. A. Stewart, the subject of this sketch, were such as were afforded by the common schools, supplemented by one year's attendance at Antioch College, subsequent to which he followed school teaching for some time. When he arrived at majority his father and mother both died, leaving upon him the charge of two younger sisters and three brothers aged seven, nine and eleven years, over whom he acted the part of a father, until the marriage of the sisters and the arrival of the brothers to manhood.
In 1860, he married Margaret Rebecca Henderson, a native of Champaign County, Ohio; enlisted in Company E, of the Forty-fifth Ohio Infantry, in 1862; he passed through the several steps of promotion as Orderly Sergeant, Sergeant Major, Adjutant, Quartermaster and Lieutenant in command of a company. The chief of his experience on the field, was in the engagements at Dutton Hill, Kenesaw Mountain, Resaca, Franklin, Nashville; in the pursuit of Gen. Morgan's raid through Indiana and Ohio; in Burnsides' campaign, in East Tennessee; in the engagements at Philadelphia and Knoxville; and in Sherman's famous Atlanta campaign.
After a service in the war, of about three years, he resigned and came home, in February, 1865. In 1866, he emigrated with his family to Illinois, and in June, 1869, came to Kansas, locating on a claim in Sycamore Township, Montgomery County, and for about ten years, he was chiefly engaged in the improvement and cultivation of his land and in the breeding of fine stock; having brought the first Norman horse, Berkshire boar, and Short-horn bull into the county. At the first election in Sycamore Township, he was chosen Trustee; was president of the County Agricultural Association for two years, of which he has been a director since its organization, and was elected State Representative, in 1873, as an independent candidate, the district being Republican by a majority of 250, and he a Democrat. In 1869, he gave up farming on account of failing health, and took up his residence in Independence, where, in February, 1882, he began the publication of the Independence Kansan, in which he is now engaged.
From William G. Cutler's History of the State of Kansas
Enlisted: 7/18/62, as 1st, Sergt.
Mustered in: 8/19/62, Co. E
Promotions: 5/1/63, Sergt. Major
4/4/64, 2nd Lieut.(C. K)
7/13/64, 1st Lieut., Co. E
Transfers: 5/1/63, Co. E to Field and Staff
4/16/64, Field and Staff to Co. K
7/13/64, Co K to Co. E